Congress Takes on President's Sole Authority to Use Nuclear Weapons

During my period as Secretary of Defense, I never confronted a situation, or could even imagine a situation, in which I would recommend that the President make a first strike with nuclear weapons—understanding that such an action, whatever the provocation, would likely bring about the end of civilization. 
The danger is all too real that a nuclear war could start by accident, through a false alarm or by miscalculation. Accidental nuclear war is not an abstract danger to me; during my time working for the government I personally experienced two such episodes where we were alarmingly close to accidental nuclear war.
 I believe that the legislation proposed by Congressman Lieu and Senator Markey recognizes that terrible reality. Certainly a decision that momentous for all of civilization should have the kind of checks and balances on executive powers called for by our Constitution
This legislation, if enacted, would be a modest but very important step in lowering the likelihood of our blundering into a nuclear war, and deserves your support. 
- WJP

Congress Takes on President's Sole Authority to Use Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear Security Leaders Call for Hill Vote Before Atomic Warfare

Washington, DC—Just days after President Donald Trump’s inauguration, members of Congress are seeking to limit the president’s ability to start a nuclear war. The effort reflects deep public concern about President Trump’s authority to launch nuclear weapons without the approval of Congress.

“President Trump now has the keys to the nuclear arsenal, the most deadly killing machine ever created,” said Tom Z. Collina, Policy Director at Ploughshares Fund.

“Within minutes, President Trump could unleash up to 1,000 nuclear weapons, each one many times more powerful than the Hiroshima bomb. Yet Congress has no voice in the most important decision the United States government can make,” Collina said. “As it stands now, Congress has a larger role in deciding on the number of military bands than in preventing nuclear catastrophe.” 

New legislation introduced today by Rep. Ted W. Lieu (D-CA) and Sen. Edward Markey (D-MA), called the “Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act,” would prohibit the president from launching nuclear weapons without a declaration of war from Congress, except in response to a nuclear attack. The bill would effectively block the president from using nuclear weapons first in a crisis, without a vote.

Our Founding Fathers would be rolling over in their graves if they knew the President could launch a massive, potentially civilization-ending military strike without authorization from Congress
— Representative Ted Lieu

"It is long past time to bring democracy to decisions about nuclear weapons,” said Megan Amundson, Executive Director of Women’s Action for New Directions. “It no longer makes sense, it if ever did, to have so much power in the hands of one person. It is just too dangerous.”

Some will argue that Congress would never provide this authority, and thus the president could never use nuclear weapons first. But as then Vice President Biden announced January 11, “it’s hard to envision a plausible scenario in which the first use of nuclear weapons by the United States would be necessary. Or make sense.”

The following national organizations have endorsed the Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act: